Troubleshooting for Cockling or Boat Wake

Issue

Cockling is when moisture causes transfer paper to become wavy.

Why does cockling occur?

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Too much ink is printed onto the transfer paper, which causes the paper to raise and dry unevenly.

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Humidity causes transfer paper to soak up moisture and distort.

Quick Fixes

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Run a heater/dryer to help heavily saturated paper dry faster and more evenly.

Note: Some printers have heaters/dryers built in while others require an additional heater/dryer to run next to the printer.

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Ensure the proper color profile is being utilized.

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Ensure that you are not over-saturating the paper.

If heavy saturation is necessary, try a heavier weight transfer paper. Some inks have a higher water content to colorant ratio.

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Ensure your transfer paper is stored in a climate controlled environment with little to no humidity.

Tip: If you’re in a bind and only have paper that has begun cockling, try going a couple yards into the roll where the paper has likely not been as affected by the humidity.

MAKE SURE YOUR TRANSFER PAPER IS STORED IN A CLIMATE CONTROLLED
ENVIRONMENT WITH LITTLE TO NO HUMIDITY.
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